Medical management of IBD

Treatment of IBD can involve both medication and surgical options.


There are generally 5 types of medications used to treat IBD: aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immunomodulators, biologic therapies and antibiotics. The type of medication your doctor prescribes will be based on the severity of your symptoms, how well you tolerate the medication, the location of your IBD and whether the treatment is for a flare-up or to prevent further flare-ups.

Get an overview of treatments from the peak patient body representing people with IBD, Crohn’s & Colitis Australia.

See the treatment similarities and differences on the Gastroenterological Society of Australia’s website.

Healthdirect Australia, a government funded health information website provides local information on treatments for IBD, as well as some great links to similar resources.


It is estimated that more than half of people with Crohn’s disease will need surgery at some point in their lives. Surgery is used to correct an immediate problem that cannot be resolved using medication. There are 5 common procedures for Crohn’s disease: partial bowel resection to remove diseased intestinal tissue, strictureplasty to widen a narrowed region of the intestine, correction of fistulas (an abnormal opening that allows the contents of the intestines to leak through), draining of abscesses and preventative total colectomy for Crohn’s pancolitis.

See the treatment options, including surgery on the Gastroenterological Society of Australia’s website.